The Ontario Fire Code, Div. B, Section 2.8 provides for the required preparation, approval, and implementation of a fire safety plan for most buildings and occupancies.
An approved fire safety plan helps to ensure for the effective utilization of fire safety systems, equipment and procedures in a building, to protect people from fire.
These plans should be customized to mirror the resources of each individual building, or complex of buildings, and are to be reviewed as often as necessary, but at intervals not greater than 12 months to ensure they take into account changes in the use and other characteristics of the building.
What Occupancies require a Fire Safety Plan?
- Assembly occupancy or care or detention occupancy,
- Residential occupancy where the occupant load exceeds 10,
- Business and personal services occupancy where the occupant load exceeds 300,
- Mercantile occupancy where the occupant load exceeds 300,
- High hazard industrial occupancy where the occupant load exceeds 25,
- Medium hazard industrial occupancy where the occupant load exceeds 100,
- Low hazard industrial occupancy where the occupant load exceeds 300.
Also any Occupancy that:
- Containing 4 storeys or more, including storeys below grade,
- Subject to the provisions of Subsection 3.5.3. of the Ontario Fire Code,
- Subject to the provisions of Article 18.104.22.168. of the Ontario Fire Code ,
- Subject to the provisions of Article 22.214.171.124. of the Ontario Fire Code,
- Regulated by Section 9.3 of the Ontario Fire Code,
- Subject to the provisions of Sentence 126.96.36.199.(3) of the Ontario Fire Code, or used as a convalescent home or children's custodial home providing sleeping accommodation for more than three persons.
- Facilities regulated by or under the Developmental Services Act.
What does a Fire Safety Plan Include?
A fire safety plan shall include:
- Instructions in emergency procedures for Supervisory staff,
- The emergency procedures to be used in case of fire, including
-sounding the fire alarm,
-notifying the fire department,
-instructing occupants on procedures to be followed when the fire alarm sounds,
-evacuating occupants, including special provisions for persons requiring assistance,
-the procedures for use of elevators, and
-confining, controlling and extinguishing the fire,
- The appointment and organization of designated supervisory staff to carry out fire safety duties,
- The training of supervisory staff and instruction of other occupants in their responsibilities for fire safety,
- Documents, including diagrams, showing the type, location and operation of the building fire emergency systems.
- The holding of fire drills,
- The control of fire hazards in the building,
- The maintenance of building facilities provided for the safety of occupants, and
- The provision of alternative measures for the safety of occupants during any shutdown of fire protection equipment and systems or part thereof.
Who is responsible for preparing the Fire Safety Plan?
- The plan shall be prepared by the Owner. Once completed, two copies of the Fire Safety Plan are submitted to Whitby Fire & Emergency Services for approval.
Who approves the Fire Safety Plan?
- Whitby Fire and Emergency Services.
Who is responsible for implementing the Fire Safety Plan once approved?
Also any Fire Safety Plan in buildings within the scope of Subsection 3.2.6. of Division B of the Building Code shall, in addition to the earlier requirements shall also, include:
- The instruction of supervisory staff on the use of the voice communication system,
- The action to be taken by supervisory staff in initiating any smoke control or other fire emergency systems installed in a building in the event of fire until the fire department arrives,
- The procedures established to facilitate fire department access to the building and fire location within the building, and
- The instructions for the supervisory staff and fire department for the operation of the fire emergency systems.
As Fire Safety Plans are a complex and detailed document, designed specifically for each individual building, it is strongly recommended that you retain the services of a Fire and Life Safety professional to prepare the Fire Safety Plan for your Occupancy.